When it comes to the home network with the branded wireless modem or router device, IP routing is one of the most essential processes to be handled. While considering the IP routing, there are three types of routing available such as,
- Static routing
- Dynamic routing
- Default routing
Configuring these three routing types are very helpful for doing the various processes in your router connected to the home network.
Three types of IP routing:
1. Static routing – The static routing is actually the most advanced feature especially on the Linksys routers. With this feature, these router devices allow you to take full control of routing capability of your network router. It is not suitable for the regular internet usage as the router will not be capable to automatically route the addresses of the websites.
The following are the main parts of the static routing command.
- IP route – It is the standard announcement of the static routing command
- Subnet mask – It is the mask of your home network
- Destination network address – This is the Internet Protocol address of the home network for including in the routing table.
- Next hop address – It is basically the address of your next hop router which will get packages from you and then forward those packets to any destination network.
- Output interface – Rather than next hop address, the users can declare the exit interface on the router.
For the manual routing and configuration, these are main parts to be known by every network user.
2. Dynamic routing – Dynamic routing is also known as the adaptive routing which is the capability of the system through which routes are being characterized by their destination to change its path which route will take via the system in the response to the change in conditions.
Dynamic routing is the special networking technique which always provides the optimal data routing for the network users. It as well as enables your routers to choose the paths based on the changes related to the real time logical network layout.
3. Default routing – The default routing is generally used only in the stub networks. The stubs are basically the networks which contain only one output interface. Everything go through these networks has to cross every single exit point.
Having the single default route for your network can be easily configured which will match all the possible routes.
Advantages of various routing methods:
As everyone knows there are three types of static, dynamic, and default IP routing available for your network. Each method has the special features and also advantages for your configuration of routing and also the network resources.
Static routing advantages – This type of routing includes so many advantages such as,
- It is very easy to implement.
- Static routing is the most secured way as no information is shared with any other routers.
- It doesn’t put overhead on the resources like memory and CPU.
Dynamic routing advantages – Typically, the operations of the dynamic routing protocol will be very simple to all network users. It has the following benefits to configure your network.
- It is truly easily to configure even on the large networks.
- Dynamic routing is very sensitive at select the best route, finding the remote networks, and also discovering the route changes.
- Dynamic routing consumes more bandwidth than in the static routing.
Default routing advantages – The benefits of default routing are given below.
- It has the specific packet forwarding rule to be used even there is no particular route determined for the given IP destination address.
- Default routing is actually the special type of static routing for the secured transmission of the data packets.
Configuring IP routing:
The configuration process of all these three types of IP routing is very simple and easy to all network users. The static routing algorithms are generally in the routing table which already established by the network admin before starting the routing process. This mapping on the router table will not be changed unless the network admin alters it.
In order to configure your network routing, you need to go to Configuration – > Device Setup – > Routing and enter the following command.
- For configuring the static IP routing, you have to type this command
Hostname (config)# route if_name dest_ip mask gateway_ip [distance]
The mask and dest_ip is the internet protocol address for the destination network.
- For the configuration process of default IP routing, you need to enter
hostname (config)# route if_name 0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0 gateway_ip [distance | tunneled]
192.1681.1 – In order to configure your network router, you just type this ip address 192.168.1.1 in to your web browser. It will make a connection between your computer and router to perfectly configure your home network. It is also the default IP address or default gateway of various popular branded router devices.
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