What is IoT? Role of python in IoT development

by Klaus on May 24, 2018

in Articles

Everyone’s talks about IoT devices, and how they are going to impact on daily lives. IoT devices connect with other IoT enabled devices to transfer data without involving human beings. Many programming languages are used to develop IoT devices, but which one of these languages are efficient in developing IoT? In this blog, we will discuss IoT and significant programming language to develop IoT.

What is IoT

IoT is defined merely as collect and exchanges the data from internet-connected devices like home appliances, vehicles, physical machines and many other internet connected things. With embedded computing system you can quickly identify every internet of things uniquely.

In the present e-world usage of IoT devices is increased year to year. From 2016 to 2017, records observed that a total of 8 billion IoT devices registered. As per experts analysis, in the end, of 2020 the IoT devices is reached 30 billion, and market value of IoT will reach $7 trillion.

The IoT objectives remotely control network infrastructure, IoT objectives are accuracy, efficiency, economic benefit and reduce the human intervention. These devices collect the data from other various technologies then transfer into other internet connected devices. You can use these devices in healthcare domain such as heart monitoring implants, biochip transponder, live camera streaming, sensor automobile, and other.

Importance of IoT

The Internet is the Next generation industrial revolution. It is going to change our living style you didn’t imagine before, the way of communication between people transpose in many ways. At every time of industrial revolution, massive changes are occurring in the market economy with these giant companies fall, and some other companies raise up from a different platform.

Imagine a world where all the devices connect to other devices like home appliances, workspace, car and many more. In the world lights are turn-off automatically, coffee machine makes coffee after turn off the alarm; Door opens automatically when the person arrived at the door and also locks the door when unknown person/stranger came in front of the door. You can achieve all these things with IOT.

The primary use of IoT is not only an automatic turn off lights, doors open and coffee making. It collects the data of consumers from the connected devices. Let’s imagine a hospital connected to the devices. The internet connected devices receive the data of patients then analyze with different IoT monitoring machines that helps doctors for treating the patients.

The IoT devices allow consumers, business, and other connected devices to run efficiently. The present challenge of IoT devices collects large of data. According to Galvez, “what are you taking out of all this data you are collecting?”. The development of IoT is going forward and enables more platforms then you work on more protocols. With the internet of things, you can do more activities easily.

As with many programming languages, why many developers prefer to go with Python?

What is Python?

Python language is similar to Perl object-oriented programming language. With the precise syntax and readability, python programming language became more popular. Python is easy to learn and portable, it is an open source language and supports multiple operating systems including Unix, Mac, Das, and various versions of Microsoft Windows.

Python is efficient, fast and supports programming paradigms that include object-oriented, impressively functional, procedural, etc. With the scripting language, you can develop desktop applications and web-based applications, and it also translated into binary language like Java.

Python in IoT development

Python plays a significant role in developing internet of things, along with python we use different languages for developing IOT those are

  • Assembly
  • B#
  • C
  • C++
  • Java
  • Javascript
  • Php
  • Python
  • Rust and many more

As of know java programming language is widely used for developing the IoT devices now python is coming into the field, with the following features of python most of developers prefer python programming language.

Features:

  • Easy to learn: Learning and implementation of python is relatively simple and easy when compared to other native languages like C++ and java.
  • Easy to debug: Python scripting language is one of the better language to debug than C++ and C. In this source code is executed line by line.
  • Speed: Python code is relatively speed because of it contains C-language features in it.
  • Library support: Python supports large standard libraries. Installation of the libraries are easy, and it save the time.
  • Easy to code: With the clear syntax developers get a idea on code identification instead of {};
  • Embeddable: Python allows integration with other languages i.e. It is possible to put our code in other programming language like C++ etc.
  • Extensible: Python is extensible language. One can replace few lines of C++ code with Python to reduce the amount of execution time.
  • Interpreted: In python no need to compile. The source code is converted into intermediate form of bytecode. In C++/Java you should compile first than run the code.
  • Portable: Python code is portable there is no need to change the code for different machines. You can run one code in many machines
  • Free and open source: Python is a Free/Libre open source software(FLOSS). It source code is freely available to public you can download it, change it and distribute it.
  • Community supports: Python has already got its huge response in the market with the above mentioned features thus provides many users grouped into community to support the advancements further.

Some years ago python was only used for web applications; no one thought it would apply in IoT development. But now developer’s uses python programming language for developing the IOT devices. With it’s efficiently programming and easily syntax’s most of looking towards python.

Developers have to create IoT devices to make life easy. The small IoT devices have low computational power and memory, so developers choose python scripting language. Nowadays most popular microcontrollers also use python language like Micropython board and software package and other.

Conclusion

Along with Python language, there are many other languages are used for developing IoT devices like Java, C++, etc. But right now most of the developers use python scripting language than Java, C++. Because of its easy syntax, secure coding, and it’s simplicity. When it comes to robust and performance, developers choose Python. IoT, when integrated with AI, will help developers to work with Python further.

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