Cloud Computing is a relatively new concept and back when it was first introduced in 2015, people were cautious hence investment was low. However, over the subsequent years, cloud computing gained immense popularity and is now preferred among tech and business giants. If you look at the cloud budget in 2015 which was $2.8 billion and the 2020 budget which was more than $330 billion, you can see the massive surge. The numbers are proof of the popularity of Cloud Computing.
To better understand the impact of cloud computing on industries, the following article will be addressing the top trends to be expected in 2021.
1. Multi-Cloud and Cloud Providers
In recent years cloud computing has become an integral part of the data-driven and app-based tech ecosystem. This integration of the cloud in these ecosystems has aided in management and development. Furthermore, these services are now an all in one solution for everything related to the cloud.
This year we could expect numerous organizations to incorporate their entire ecosystems into the cloud. It can be multi-cloud or hybrid cloud solutions, these are just some of the options available. Organizations can choose from the wide array of options available, according to their needs. If organizations opt for multi-cloud, it could mean that businesses could integrate platforms from different suppliers hence it would be easier to communicate and data sharing with other partners regardless of their applications.
An issue that could arise is that providers might lose the ability to upscale higher cloud capacity as well as additional services. If this happens then estimates reveal that by 2023, cloud spending would reach $500 billion with a Compound Annual Growth Rate of 22.3%.
2. AI (Artificial intelligence)
AI is one of the fields that has been greatly benefitting from cloud computing. The cloud will continue to allow innovative toolsets such as image recognition tools, language processing, and recommendation engines to become more widely deployed by enterprises of multiple magnitudes and numerous fields, which would lead to increased productivity and efficiency.
The cloud will increasingly target the following areas of research, autonomous vehicles, smart city infrastructure, and pandemic response. More advanced algorithms will be observed in these areas, all thanks to the cloud.
Another integral part of logistics processes is machine learning; this will keep the cloud data centers functioning. In these fragile and costly systems, cooling systems, networks of hardware, and power can all be observed and managed by AI algorithms to optioning efficiency and minimize their impact on the environment. The R&D is to continue in order to make breakthrough discoveries.
3. Security regarding Multi-Cloud and Hybrid Cloud
Companies need to safeguard every minuscule detail to succeed and protect themselves hence while using multi-cloud they need to come up with a strategy to improve IT operations. By improving their IT operations they will be considering the implication of security.
A survey conducted by A10 Networks and Business Process Innovation Network(BPI) revealed that strong security across clouds, networks, applications, and data is critical to realize the full advantages of a multi-cloud environment. It is also worth mentioning that the report also emphasized centralized visibility and analytics into security and performance, and automated tools to speed response times and reduce costs are the top capabilities for improving multi-cloud securities. Securing a multi-cloud environment is not that simple.
Companies need to be aware that they need to have in place high-value defenses such as robust web application firewalls and DDoS protection. There are multiple solutions present for this particular predicament such as synchronizing security policies and settings across providers, using different security policies for different applications, and monitoring and centralizing different threats are key to securing your multi-cloud or hybrid environment. To be completely secure, it would preferable to remind employees routinely about the dos and don’ts of an online environment.
The entire online infrastructure will fall apart if companies neglect to form employees about what not to do hence everyone involved must understand how the IT infrastructure is operating.
Cloud gaming is becoming the preferred mode for gaming. Amazon has recently joined the plethora of tech giants and startups offering their platform for gaming. Similar to music and video streaming, cloud gaming has the potential to evolve the way we play games. Entertainment media cooperations can offer instant access to a wide range of games that can be played for a monthly subscription.
Throughout 2020, tech giants such as Google, Microsoft, and Nvidia launched their gaming services whereas Sony has been ahead of the game for a few years now. It has been predicted by industry experts that the days when we need to spend hundreds on new hardware every few years to stay at the cutting edge of gaming may be coming to an end, all thanks to the surge in cloud-based gaming.
5. Mobile Cloud Computing
Mobile Cloud Computing is the combination of cloud computing and mobile computing to bring prosperous computational resources to mobile users, network operators, and cloud computing providers. Applications such as FitBit and S Health have greatly benefitted from having cloud-based servers since it bridges the gap between consumers and developer.
In 2021 we can expect to see major technological advances, mainly thanks to the increase in demand due to the pandemic. Companies are looking for a seamless way to work remotely in an efficient manner and cloud computing is the best solution. Businesses all over the world are adapting to cloud computing to improve their IT infrastructure.
This could b the start of a major revolution. N order to truly understand the impact of cloud computing we need to sit back and observe to determine if the theory becomes reality.