Web Technologies Every Web Developer Must Know in 2021

The position of a Web developer looks tempting not only because of the salary but also for the high demand for this position among employers. Layout design and web development have been at the top of the most demanded web technologies in the IT field for a long time.

If you are reading this article, you must have thought of joining the ranks of web developers too.

If you already had time to study information on the Internet, watch videos about what a web developer should be able to do and where to study or monitor a list of requirements for vacancies, your hair could stand on end from the list of all these necessary skills, even for the Junior position.

At first glance, it may seem that the stack of necessary knowledge and latest web design and development technologies is so large that the desire to take the path of study may disappear immediately.

The problem is that the understanding of what top web technologies are is very vague, both for the so-called experts from YouTube and for employers themselves.

Therefore, I have compiled a list of the latest web development technologies every developer should know in 2021:

10 Latest Web Technologies

1. Web Components

This is a new element style for HTML5 based on the W3C standards. Components let you create custom reusable elements for dynamic page structures such as tabbed widgets, image sliders, and drop-down menus. Instead of creating a pop-up menu with a bulleted list, you can use the <drop-down> tag.

There are many practical examples available on the official Web Components site, but a brief explanation of where they might come in handy.

It is too early to use Web Components in real projects at this point. But in a few years, everything may change. So I believe all web developers should be familiar with this modern web technology.

2. Polymer Web Development Technology

When you become familiar with Web Components, you may need the Polymer library. Google launched this open-source project. They design it for building standardized web components.

This library simplifies web development if you are working with the Web Components API. It gives you built-in elements for adding features like videos, sliders, and even Google Maps widgets.

Polymer’s goal is to create a modular structure. That is why it allows you to create your widgets based on the Web Components API. Thus, it becomes possible to add multiple widgets to one page without rewriting the code.

The Polymer library is inextricably linked to Web Components, and these two technologies are dramatically changing the way we do modular site development.

3. AMP Web Technology

Google is always trying to improve the internet. The Accelerated Mobile Pages Project (AMP for short) lets you customize any web page for mobile devices using a standard template.

You just need to add a little code to your page and let Google do the rest. If your site is AMP optimized, it will load faster. Thus, the site will look more like the original application.

Given the skyrocketing growth in mobile users, this is a web development technology worth looking into. It is not suitable for interactive sites, but for blogs and news sites, AMP technology can be revolutionary.

4. Gulp

Gulp allows you to automate routine tasks. He knows how to compile Sass to CSS, add templates or patches for browsers to the code, automatically update pages after changing the code.

5. TypeScript

Google recently approved TypeScript as the preferred language for its front-end AngularJS framework. This makes TS even more attractive because it saves time, both when writing general scripts and when developing specialized Angular projects.

TypeScript is not a new language, but a superset of JavaScript. Therefore, if you know JS, it will be easy for you to use this popular web technology.

6. Three.Js

If you follow trends in WebGL and 2D / 3D web graphics, know about Three.JS. It is the most powerful JS-based rendering engine used for web graphics.

Few sites need 2D or 3D graphics. But the number of such sites is growing, and it is one of the best JavaScript libraries you can use to create canvas elements and data charts.

The best thing about Three.JS is that it is a free and open-source library, so it is constantly being improved along with the WebGL API.

7. Docker

With the Docker container framework, you can maintain a completely virtual environment and easily migrate sites to different servers. Virtual containers contain interfaces for easily transferring files from one server to another.

If you are an IT / DevOps believed, then Docker is a must-have technology for you. Recently, this web technology has gained popularity.

8. Ionic Framework

It is a free open source mobile app development platform for iOS and Android. It helps write each application in an optimized code. Therefore, it is possible to create software in JavaScript, but the result will look like the original Swift / Java mobile application.

As of now, version 1.3 has already been released and Ionic has received a lot of support from the web community.

9. Google Web Starter Kit

Google offers many useful web development technologies, and one of them is the Web Starter Kit. It is a library of useful resources for building websites, modular Sass / CSS code, local HTTP servers, and more.

The Web Starter Kit provides all the basic components that a web developer would need. This is a starter kit that is a great free solution for aspiring developers.

10. Java Script

At this stage, many novice web developers make the big mistake of neglecting the basics of JavaScript and jumping straight to frameworks. Knowing the basics is important and you need to learn:

  • basic understanding of the language and its features,
  • data structures,
  • strings, numbers, objects, and arrays (you need to know the methods to add a value to an array, turn the word backward),
  • closure and scopes (how it works and what it means),
  • object methods (Bind, Call and Apply),
  • execution context and function call stack (you should understand the difference well and be able to use it by examples)

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